Land surveying is a very intricate study area and it is used for a range of different purposes. Essentially land surveying is the mathematical process of mapping the land.
So what is a topographic land survey? Topographic land surveys look specifically at locating topographic features, both natural and man-made, of the land.
There are a range of reasons why a topographic land survey may need to be conducted. Often they are required by government agencies and by engineers and architects to help design or develop a new building site.